The Chihuahua is one of the most common pet in many homes. It is the smallest breed of dog in the world and its name comes from the Mexican city of Chihuahua.
History of the Chihuahua
Although it borrows its name from a Mexican city which is of course linked to South America, it is believed that the Chihuahua was bred by the Aztecs or alternatively the Incas as some images/ pictures of dogs resembling it appear in a number of ancient paintings in Mexico.
Characteristics of the Chihuahua
This beautiful but tiny breed is characterized by a dainty look with a domed skull. Chihuahuas have a short and pointed muzzle and their eyes are large and round. When it comes to the ears, the breed’s ears are large and they face upright when alert. Its body has a deep chest with the tail appearing carried up and sometime over the back. Although it is a small dog, its body is very masculine with firm bones and a smooth coated/long coated skin. Chihuahuas are of different colors.
Height of the Chihuahua
Considering that these are the smallest breeds of dogs, it is no wonder that they are a mere 6 to 8 inches in height (from the shoulder to the ground).
Temperament of the Chihuahua
Chihuahuas are the friendliest of all dogs. These dogs are graceful, extremely loyal, intelligent, very curious, a little mischievous, and bold yet alert and they are swift in moving. They give good company although they may occasionally dislike strangers which may drive them to get grumpy or bad tempered.
It would be ideal to avoid rearing them as pets if you have small or boisterous children. They also dislike other breeds of dogs although they adore their own breed. Although they are quite small, Chihuahuas are very territorial and they can do as good job if used as guard dogs.
Requirements of the Chihuahua
Due to their small body frame, Chihuahuas have a small appetite and they require little exercise. They are well-off with a two to three small meals per day instead of one huge meal at once.
Health of the Chihuahua
Chihuahuas are more prone to diseases than any other breed of dog. Some of the conditions that affect them include collapsed trachea, cleft palate, shoulder dislocation, corneal dystrophy, hydrocephalus and a knee condition known as slipped stifles.
Lifespan of the Chihuahua
The average lifespan of a Chihuahua is 12 to 20 years.